Whats in my bag?

At the beginning of 2017 I began working with MyOutdoors in reviewing and testing outdoor equipment. In addition, my 10 years as an outdoor leader was in full swing, so on a weekly basis I get my hands on the latest kit or old favourites and testing them in real world scenarios as I teach, hike on expeditions and my personal photographic trips in any weather. Now, I spend my time as an workshop leader and photographer travelling in anything the weather throws at me.

I always have my bag packed and ready to go for any adventure. It’s not left in my car or by the front door but tucked away ready to grab at a moment’s notice and drive to somewhere remote.

You’ll never forget your first wild camp, whether it be with a group of friends, Duke of Edinburgh or Scouts expedition or a solo venture. But planning is required whether new to camping or a seasoned expert. My first camp I remember having every outdoors item I owned spread across my bedroom, in my mind I was trying to persuade I needed every item in the bag despite it not fitting. The next was how am I going to lug this 20kg rucksack a mile let alone 30+ over the weekend.

15 years on, even though my kit has got lighter and smaller, I still do this same thing to ensure my kit is up to standard, after which it returns to the rucksack ready to go at a moment’s notice. This saves time having it pre-packed and avoids you making excuses. Perhaps the most common question I get asked as an outdoors leader is about kit, so I have answered some of that below with what I use for my everyday adventures, I have included weights of items to help show the overall pack weight at the end.

Do remember, gear is a very personal thing. What works for me isn’t going to be right for you, but I hope this guide helps you to create your ideal kit list. If you are stuck and want to advise, please feel free to quiz me as I am always happy to help and point you in the right direction for what you need.

Interested in the pack weights?
Summer set up
Winter set up

Included with the items are affiliate links which I make commission on. To find out more information please read my transparency notice. Which can also be found at the bottom of every page on this website.


I’ll start with my photographic equipment. I use a Micro 4/3s system for my trips, it’s lightweight, small and robust plus weatherproof so I can be out photographing no matter the weather, better yet it won’t add a silly amount of weight or size to my already heavy and limited space available in the rucksack. As an outdoors photographer, the Olympus High Res shot is a great tool to use, I can get 100mb files and get as much information for later in post-production.

Olympus OM-D E-M5 markII + 12-40mm f/2.8 Pro = 850*
Olympus M.Zuiko 40-150mm f.2.8 Pro = 880
Lexar Memory Cards 2000x *
Tap & Dye Horween Chromexcel wrist strap*
Universal L-bracket *
Olympus shutter release = 40
Peak Design Shell rain cover = 110
Cable organiser - Double up to hold walking poles on exterior of rucksack
Lens cleaner
Hot hands warmers = 80 - Keeping batteries warm in cold weather
Universal Camera Battery charger = 60

Filters = 150

Kase Filters Magnetic Circular filters 5 piece kit (3, 6 & 10 stop ND with CPL)
Kase Filters Variable Density Filter ND3-1000 filter


My choice of tripod is the the Vanguard Veo travel tripods. This is the first tripod I used from Vanguard Photo many years ago and replaced my Manfrotto 055 tripod. To this day the Veo tripod range continues to be my go too many years later. It’s lightweight, robust and great if you are weight conscious as I am with my outdoors photography. I use the Veo 2 Go series which is lighter again and perfect for my mountaineering and hiking with the tripod only weighing 770g, in addition I use the new 2019 Vanguard Vesta table tripod which fits inside your pocket and is often used for behind the scenes shots using my mobile phone.

Vanguard Alta Pro2+ 263CT with BH-250 + Alta LAA & Alta spiked feet = 1800
Vanguard Veo 2 264CB with Veo spiked feet = 1300
Vanguard Veo 2 Go 204CB = 770
Vanguard Vesta TTI mini tripod = 180

outdoor equipment

This is likely the biggest challenge when it comes to hiking. There is so many options in styles, features, looks, size and comfort levels. It can be overwhelming as rucksacks get more complicated and technical. The first thing you need to do is ask what you hope to achieve with your rucksack? Is it hiking alone? Out in the mountains for photography? SUP/sailing or evening rock climbing and caving? Each will have a style and extras to help. However, to help narrow down your options mine is tailored to hiking throughout the year.

I tend to use a 40L rucksack, which is plenty for me and my kit. However, 40L can be too small for some and if you’re unsure about what kit you need then I suggest bigger is better for you and aim for a 50-60L. Some suggestions I’ve used in the past which I’ve found really good have been: Vango Sherpa 70: or a Lowe Alpine AirZone Pro 40-50L or Snugpak Endurance 40L rucksacks.
I use three bags to fit different requirements. My Vanguard Sedona Wanderlust is a photographic outdoors rucksack which is 25L great for day hikes and photographic based activities. Next up is my longer journeys/expeds with the Snugpak Bergen 100L rucksack, this swallows everything, and some! Finally my everyday and go-to. The Atlas Athlete Pack, a 20L expandable to 40L photographic outdoors rucksack.

Not all bags are weatherproof or come with waterproof covers, so your rucksacks should be lined with drybags to further protect your kit inside. They are cheap, lightweight and in all DofE/Scout expeds we do not allow groups to go out without them. They also help divide your bag, for example if you have a wet tent and dry warm clothes inside.

To keep my camera kit safe, I use a number of options, however if you want to keep your pack weight even lighter you can use a fleece or jacket to wrap your kit inside. I typically use a camera wrap, this is water repellent and protects the kit inside or another option is to use inserts. This allows me to chop and change from a 70L to a small 20L pack at a moment’s notice.

Snugpak Bergen 100L rucksack = 1800 (70L set up)
Atlas Athlete Pack 20-40L = 2000
Vanguard Sedona Wanderlust (photography rucksack/day bag) = 1800
Vanguard BiB 22 = 100 (Camera Insert for rucksacks)
Vanguard Photo Loop wrap = 30
Snugpak Dri-saks = 130

Most will use a tent as this is easy, compact and offers the protection they need. Tarps are a little more creative and if you’ve never used one before I suggest practicing first and find a set up that works for you. I have some suggestions here. I use tents for the majority of the time but do swap to tarps or bivvi’s depending on time of the year.

Tarps are lighter and fast to set up, so I use a tarp typically during the hotter Summer months. (It’s worth noting tarps require a walking pole to make them stand up right.) In Winter I swap to a tent for ease and further protection and warmth. I use two set ups depending on my mood and weather. The Snugpak Scorpion 2 which is a 4-season/2-man tent which is more robust and great in any weather or storm, even in blizzards! Better yet it’s big so room to spread out.

The other option is a bivvi bag, this isn’t for everyone and for the somewhat hardy or mad bunch of us out there. These are possibly the lightest option to go camping and come in a variety of styles from traditional bivvi sacks like the Snugpak Special Forces Bivvi but this will require a tarp or shelter to cover your face. A newer, better option is to go for an enclosed tent bivvi such as the Snugpak Stratosphere.

Snugpak Scorpion 2 tent = 2200 (4 season/exped, 2 man tent)
Snugpak Journey Duo 2 man tent = 3000 (3 season)

An area you don’t cut corners and worth the research and picking up in store. Also consider where you’ll be using it and what you’ll be doing more of. If it’s hiking, weight and size is important to you, if you are primarily base camp and do little walking then weight won’t be as much of a concern.

I use one bag for the whole year, I can rely on this bag whether it’s down in a valley in Summer or up high on a mountain in Winter. This is the Snugpak Special Forces Complete System. Together it’s heavy as it combines two bags together giving me comfort down to -20ºc but individually are much lighter and smaller, I can use the Snugpak Special Forces 1 for Summer which weighs a little over 1kg and the Snugpak Special Forces 2 can be used throughout the rest of the year.

You may noticed all my bags are typically 4-season rated, this is because I spend a lot of time on mountain summits and night temperatures can still drop below freezing. When it is hot, I simply open the bags up and use them as quilts to allow extra breathability.

Camping mat

These aren’t just for comfort and I suggest spending as much time researching and trying these as with your sleeping bags. Don’t cheap out and buy cheap foam ones which cost a mere £5. A camping mat is designed to stop the ground from zapping that heat from your body. Lying down you can lose some 65% of your body height through the ground so, mats stop this and ultimately stop you from getting hyperthermia. Mats come in all sizes and types from foam, down fill to self-inflate. I use two, again depending on the time of year.

The Snugpak Travelite Self-inflating sleeping mat is light, comfortable, good value and doesn’t deflat during the night. During Winter I use a Snugpak Antarctic Softie filled roll mat which is lighter, warmer and better for colder conditions as it won’t crack like most rubber-based mats. Another great option is the Exped Downmat or SynMats, a downmat which although expensive is tough, warm and lightweight. However, at the beginning I said don’t buy a cheap foam mat. To contradict myself, these can be a good option if you have a 3 season mat and doubled up and can increase the warmth and ground protection if you have a low R rating sleep mat.

Snugpak Special Forces Complete system = 3200 (2x bags layering system) - Snugpak Special Forces 1 bag = 1100 / Snugpak Special Forces 2 bag = 1800
Snugpak Travelite Self-inflating sleeping mat = 660 (3 season)
Snugpak Antarctic sleeping mat = 560 (Winter)
Snugpak Insulated Travel Blanket = 900 (Summer/Warm nights)

They come in all varieties and sizes. If you’re a coffee connoisseur, then this will dramatically impact you and the choice of stove is crucial to you. I don’t use instant coffee and use beans and ground coffee so I need filters or a press. I’ve used loads over the years from the all mighty and indestructible Trangia which I’ve seen a 20-year-old set up which was battered beyond belief but was still working in perfect order. However, they are heavy and bulky but great for groups such as Duke of Edinburgh or Scouts expeditions.
For a complete system some of my favourites I’ve used in the past are: Alpkit Brukit, Colemans Fyrestorm PCS or Jetboil Zip.
I personally use a smaller set up which is the MSR PocketRocket Deluxe which is lightweight and powerful in any condition along with the MSR Titan Kettle which is more than enough for me to brew up a coffee and boil water on the fly and can store everything except the gas inside the kettle.

P.S – Don’t forget the gas! I suggest the Coleman C100 or MSR ISO Pro 110 gas


I bring a few extras to add to my comfort when eating. A Sea to Summit folding mug which fits inside the stove pouch which is tough, lightweight and easy to clean plus it’s big so if you like a big brew it’s worth getting. I also use the MSR titan spoon for eating with. This is a longer length spoon which is a lot easier to use and less messy when eating from the de-hydrated pouches.

I don’t use matches anymore and never carry a lighter. Both can fail pretty easily, one needs refilling and if matches get wet or the strike pad gets crushed its impossible to use. So, instead I use a flint and steel. They can be used in winds, wet and has yet to fail. It’s also smaller and compact versus matches.


When wild campin or hiking in remote areas you are restricted to how much you can carry, so plan to visit a water source or camp near one if you can. A vital tool for anyone serious about the outdoors and is something that has never left my bag since buying: The Sawyer Water filter system which allows me to drink straight from lakes or rivers with no worries of dirt, pollution or any nasties.

If you are stuck however, you can also boil up the water from a water source (running water - lakes or rivers, not puddles or water near farms or animals). One issue is you have to wait for it too cool down after. You can also use chlorine tablets but these can make the water taste odd, after five days on exped you’ll be wishing for fresh spring water!

MSR PocketRocket Deluxe = 82
MSR ISO pro gas or Coleman C100 110
MSR universal gas stand = 30
Flint and Steel = 35
MSR Titan Kettle = 130
MSR cutlery = 20
Mug & Hotlips = 120
Delter Coffee Press & Rhino Tall Hand Grinder = 250
Platypus 2L folding bottles = 34
Sawyer water filter system = 60


Never skimp out on food, if you’re out in the mountains climbing you will burn a lot of calories and you need the energy. I know someone who only took Cup-a-soups and bread on an expedition and by day two he had to get emergency food and taken to a shop because they made themselves ill. Yes, he was deferred so plan well in advanced or get help if you’re stuck. My choice is of food in the for mountaineer is dehydrated food packs where you just add water. I often buy Firepot packs as I’ve found these to be the highest calories to pack weight and best tasting. However, they are more expensive than most you find but well worth the extra £1 in flavour and nutrition.

Snacks - Cereal bars, flap jack, nuts, fruit bars, graze mixes, you want high calories and nutritional packs again. Gummy bears and Haribo are also great to store in your pocket for on the go. A little sugar goes a long way when you’re tired on a hike.

Another helpful item to carry is a supermarket carrier bag. This doubles up to carry rubbish and is useful as a seat when the surface is wet. It’s lightweight and folds up so no excuses when it comes to leaving rubbish behind.

You should always have one packed, but I don’t mean the red bags you get from hiking stores. I was taught by another DofE leader to pack the essentials and make a personal first-aid kit. It’s still in a bright red pack, stored at the top of my pack and is no larger than a wallet. Inside there are plasters, Compeed (for blisters), sterile wipes, multi-tool, tick removers, bite cream, tissues, pain killers, duct tape, batteries plus a support cast for my knee and a few snacks for emergency.

As you will see it is a mixture of items and is a personal set up for myself with everything, I know I need. If I need to start putting bandages or slings on it’s a sign you need more help and need to go to the hospital. This is stored with a dri-sak which has a thin pair of gloves, buff, more spare batteries and a Micro-USB cable, Smidge bug spray and sun cream. Hat’s and thick waterproof gloves are stored in the top lid of my rucksack for quick access as well as a power bank. I primarily use Sealskinz gloves and hats as they are waterproof. However, for Winter I use a thicker Vallerret gloves which are designed for photographers in mind but are expensive so these aren’t for everyone.

Always pack a pocket sized sun cream and bug spray. Firstly, the sun’s harmful UV rays aren’t just around for Summer, they can effect us throughout the year even in Winter. If you’re climbing or in the snow you can still get sun burn. Bug spray is helpful in Winter still if it’s warm and still like we’ve had over 2018, midges are still around so better be prepared. Smidge do a credit card sized bottle which slips inside a first-aid kit and does little to space and weight.


Another vital piece of kit and in to Autumn and Winter months you should carry one regardless in case of emergency whether running or out in the hills. A head torch is best as it keeps your hands free to do other things required such as if you’re camping you can set up your tent or stuff kit inside your rucksack. I use Alpkit’s Qark rechargable headtorch, its super bright at 580 lumens and has a red light option, great for astro photography and night vision. Other popular options are the GP Batteries PHR-15 or Petzl Tikka* which both can recharged (*If purchased with CORE battery).

Vallerret Photography Gloves Markhof Pro2 = 200 (Winter gloves)
Sealskinz Dragoneye waterproof gloves = 80
Sealskinz waterproof beanie = 100
Buff = 30
Sun hat = 60
Smidge Insect repellent wipes & Smidge bug net = 100
Backpackers shovel = 12
Biodegradable toilet paper = 42
Alpkit Qark rechargable headtorch = 95
Xtorm 10000mAh power bank = 270 IPX4 Splashproof (5 phone charges)
Fitbit Versa smart watch
Hord.co hip flask
Sit mat pad = 32
Snugpak travel towel = 360 (Often left in the car for emergancies)

Google Maps isn’t enough to get you by in the mountains and hiking, for one there is little to no signal and to run Maps on your phone requires a lot of battery power and if it’s cold your phone will lose power even quicker. Always pack a Map and Compass regardless. They’re small, lightweight and there is no excuse not pack one. By all means use a phone or GPS as extra but paper never runs out of batteries. It’s worth spending a little extra to get waterproof maps too but if not buying a waterproof map case will help make your maps last longer. Or! Buy Splash maps which are fabric, even lighter and compact plus waterproof.

I keep my ViewRanger up to date with my latests routes and trips which can be downloaded for free for all to enjoy. I use Splashmaps as my choice of maps when orienteering, these are waterproof, fabric maps which are lightweight and durable in any weather conditions. They are also wearable as toobs and hats. A recent find when abroad was Maps.me which is an offline map for your phone which shows some secret spots, routes and better yet doesn’t use any data and uses very little battery power.

Silva Compass Expedition 4-360
Splash Maps
ViewRanger or Maps.Me

Award Winning SplashMaps for the Real Outdoors

Part of the three-layer system – Baselayer next to the skin, midlayer for warmth, waterproof/windproof as an outerlayer. Of-course all come in a variety of thickness and qualities. Some of my midlayers are weatherproof and suitable in short showers or offer further protection from the wind. It’s worth having a few styles for example I use long sleeved baselayers for Winter or cycling. Zipped fleeces are good for Summer, whereas over the head fleeces can be better suited in Winter with less openings.

With baselayers it’s worth looking for fast drying, wicking tops these are better suited for activities such as hiking in various conditions and reduce sweat and keep you comfortable after long wear. Your normal T-Shirts you buy which are polyester are not quick drying and absorb sweat which can cause further rubbing and rashes. When it comes to fleeces I use a lighter mid-layers from Norrona and Rab in warmer months. In Winter I go for the heavier and thicker Snugpak Impact Fleece which is a great combo with the Snugpak ML6 Smock or Snugpak Torrent Jacket.


Montane Sonic shirt = 90
Odlo Cermiwool base layer top = 100
Mammut MTR 141 = 180
Snugpak 2nd Skin Coolmax baselayers = 260
Decathlon Forclaz Techwool 190 mountain trekking T = 200

Fleeces/Mid-layer tops

Rab Nexus Pull On = 270
Helly Hansen Phantom Mesh mid-layer = 250
Norrona Falketind Alpha60 Jacket = 200 (Weatherproof)
Snugpak Impact Fleece = 360 (Winter)

The layering system isn’t just for the top half, I use a variety of trousers or tights for different points and conditions in the year. In warmer months, running and cycling Trail tights are perfect but I always pack a pair of quick drying hiking trousers for backup. In colder months thicker hiking or snow trousers such as the Quechua SH500 or Rab Vapour Rise Guide trousers are perfect as they have fleece lining to keep you warm but a tough, water repellent exterior to provide protection from the elements and outdoors. If you get really cold I suggest layering up below these Winter trousers with another pair of Trail tights or fleeced trekking tights.

One thing I often forget but always suggest packing is over-trousers which are a waterproof trousers for longer expeditions and severe weather. I suggest getting zipper or buttoned over-trousers so you won’t have to remove your boots in order to put them on.

Rab Kinetic Alpine trousers = 280 (Waterproof)
Alpkit Koulin Trail Tights = 250
Alpkit Wind River shorts = 170 (Summer)
Rab Vapour Rise Guide trousers = 600 (Winter)
Decathlon Quecha Snow Hiking SH500 = 560 (Winter)

You should always pack a waterproof jacket no matter the time of year. You should look for not only a waterproof jacket but also breathable, this stops you from getting damp inside.

There is a key difference between “Waterproof” and “Weatherproof” - Waterproof is as the name suggests, waterproof and can withstand rain, wet and wind for long durations and has a higher rating 10,000mm/ 7500mvp. Weatherproof isn’t to the same degree, it can withstand a short shower and many offer some degree of warmth and wind protection but shouldn’t be used in heavy rain for long periods. They will eventually fail and you will get wet and cold.

In colder months and Winter, you’ll need something more robust and warmer. Go for a helmet compatible if you plan on climbing or cycling and one with a stiffened peak, adjustable cuffs, hoods, hemlines all help with fit and keep you better protected. Waterproof zippers will help but all zips leak so don’t put any expensive items like mobile phones in external pockets. For Winter I use the Snugpak ML6 Smock or Torrent Jacket depending on the severity of rain and storms. The Snugpak ML6 is weatherproof so suitable in high winds and light showers but not long periods of rain which is where the Snugpak Torrent Jacket is better suited.

Insulted jackets are great for adding another layer of warmth, so whether you’re stopping for food or finished for the day and around your campsite. They also double up as a great pillow if you’re reducing weight when wild camping or on expeditions. I use Snugpak SJ3 jacket throughout the year as they are compact, weatherproof Softie down filled jackets.

Alpkit Pulsar Jacket = 265 (Water/Windproof)
Snugpak SJ3 = 580 (Weatherproof)
Snugpak Enhanced Patrol Poncho = 360 (Water/Windproof)
Snugpak MML6 Softie Smock = 760 (Winter) (Weatherproof)
Snugpak Torrent jacket = 950 (Winter) (Water/Windproof)

When it comes to footwear, don’t cheap out here! Your feet will take the worst of the walking and boggy ground. Investing in a good pair of hiking boots will keep you going for longer and the boots will likely last a lot longer. I typically replace my boots every two years and will spend anything from £150-400 on a new pair. However, you don’t need to invest in the top end unless you plan on going hiking in the snow and up mountains where crampons will be required. If you require crampons and winter kit, do ensure you know what you’re doing firstly and seek help when it comes to fitting crampons.

You might have noticed the ice axe below the crampons. Why are they here? Well typically if you need to be using crampons there is a high chance you will need the ice axe at some point on your trip so the two come hand-in-hand.

Not only will you need a good pair of boots but a good pair of socks! A good pair of socks will stop blisters and reduce sweat and smells from hiking. A good thick pair of merino wool boot socks are perfect for hiking and during Summer a lighter trail sock is perfect when you will be in shorts or low ankle boots/shoes. In Winter, sock liners or thick snow socks are best to keep your feet warm.
Another set of socks I highly suggest everyone to invest in are waterproof socks! Yes, they are a thing and are the best things ever. I use Sealskinz waterproof socks and always keep a set in my rucksack all year. My boots are waterproof but I often hand them out to those who aren’t lucky enough and get a soggy foot. On the same note, I highly suggest looking at a waterproof pair of gloves and hat which again, I use Sealskinz to help keep me going through, whatever the weather.

Finally in very wet conditions, bogs and high grass. Wellies are useless for walking in and very uncomfortable after walking in for a long time. A pair of gaiters will go a long way, these help reduce dirt and water ruining your trousers, further protect your boot and ankle and help a great deal in boggy environments and the snow.

Base weights with no food or water. Below includes links to Lighterpack where I show a break down with different set ups.
Photographic kit = 2-4kg depending on tripod (Included in weights below)
Summer set up = 10kg
Winter set up = 15kg

As you will see their is a great deal of equipment and clothing to keep you outdoors at any point of the year, whether wet, sunny, snow, Summer or Winter.
I hope this guide helps you to sculpt your kit list. As I mentioned previously, kit is very much a personal thing. What works for me, might not work for you but don’t threat! If you get stuck please ask. I know a lot of equipment and brands from all price points to achieve what you need.

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Transparency Notice: Please note that I (Matthew Holland) receive free products for review from brands and manufacturers, but I only accept products for review on condition of total independence and no guarantee of endorsement.

I work with MyOutdoors who receives free products for review from brands and manufacturers, but we only accept products for review on condition of total independence and no guarantee of endorsement.

I am a Vanguard Photo UK and Snugpak brand ambassador and Kase Filters UK Champion and receive the products for free from these brands to review or photograph for the purposes of marketing, advertisement and social media. I conduct reviews on new products to the market or feature the products in my journal/trips. Reviews are not a guarantee of endorsement and I give my honest opinion to help others. I receive no monetary gain from Vanguard Photo UK, Snugpak or Kase Filters UK for the reviews or through any discount codes. Any Vanguard Photo kit I own has been purchased by myself at a 50% reduction as a member of the ambassadors programme. Any Snugpak equipment is gifted to me for the purpose of the review or for images towards marketing and social media content. Any Kase Filters UK kit I own has been bought by myself at a reduced rate as part of the UK Champions programme and collaboration between Kase Filters UK and Vanguard Photo UK. I produce images and marketing content for Vanguard Photo UK, Vanguard Photo Spain, Vanguard Photo US and Snugpak for use on Social Media to promote products. I will publish these photographs from my own channels to promote the reviews, my website, outdoor photography and the additional gear I use.

My website uses affiliate links throughout the blog, articles, reviews and gear lists. The affiliate links go to Amazon UK, Splashmaps, Decathlon and Passenger Clothing. If you make a purchase using one of the Amazon UK links I will make a 3-8% commission on every purchase. If you make a purchase using one of the SplashMaps banners or links I will make a 10% commission for every purchase. If you make a purchase using one of the Passenger Clothing banners or links I will make a 10% commission for every purchase. If you make a purchase through one of the Decathlon UK links I will make a 2-4% commission for every purchase.

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